Suicide Prevention - A Collective Responsibility
Suicide has become a major public health concern. Though complicated and tragic, the warning signs can help to save lives. It can occur at any point of lifespan and a study suggests that in young people aged 15-24 years suicide is the second most frequent cause and in some countries, the leading cause of death. The reasons for suicide or suicide attempts could be attributed to psychological, social, or combined experiences of trauma, betrayal, and loss. Stress has been identified as a psychological factor impacting mental health and leading to this tragic step. However , the awareness created by National prevention programs, various mental health associations have encouraged research, recognition, treatment, aid, and management of people who are at high risk of suicide. Therefore various finding in research suggests that school-based awareness program has shown results in reducing suicide. One of the major suicide prevention method recognised is the treatment of depression and understanding the need to spread awareness about the same. In addition to this primary step, treatment with antidepressants, and psychotherapies like a counseling session, internet helpline support for mental health issues, and cognitive therapy for adults who are at risk of attempting suicide are major suicide prevention methods.
Apart from having conversations about the prevention and precaution, we must try that every individual takes responsibility in order to reduce the number of lives we lose to suicide. Being aware and alert of the behavioural changes in peers and those around us, by being open to non-judgemental conversations and actively listening to the distressed, we can ensure that the incidents of suicide are reduced around us. It’s time to come together and understand our strengths as a society!
Westefeld, J.S., 2020. Suicide Prevention: An Issue of Social Justice. Journal of Prevention and Health Promotion, 1(1), pp.58-79